Direct Displacement Based Design and Capacity Spectrum Method for Special Moment Resisting Frame
In designing seismic-resistant buildings, it is commonly used Forced-Based Design method. The concept of the Force-Based Design (FBD) method is based on an elastic analysis of the structure and indirectly shows the performance level of the structure towards the effects of the seismic forces. Therefore, it is required an approach that capable of analyzing and evaluating the performance of the inelastic structural response; it is called Performance-Based Design method. This paper uses two methods of Performance-Based Design, there are Direct Displacement-Based Design and Capacity Spectrum Method, by using pushover analysis. The objectives of the research are to analyze and compare the performance level of the building in inelastic condition by using these two methods. The structural model reinforced concrete special moment frames. Seismic design code that used in this study is SNI 1726:2012. The reviewed parameter values are displacement and story drift values, estimated plastic hinge response, and performance level of the building from two methods. As the results, all the parameter values of DDBD analysis are more significant than CSM. DDBD produces the drift and displacement values of 0.668 m with the rebar ratio is more significant than 1.00. While, the CSM produces the drift and displacement values of 0.501 m with the rebar ratio of 1.00. The failure mechanism of both methods indicates the strong column weak beam where the beams should fail before the columns. The structure performance level which refers to ATC-40 indicate that both DDBD method and CSM method are in Damage Control level despite displacement target of the two methods are different which is DDBD produces displacement target of 0.376 m while CSM produces the value of 0.345 m.