Japanese Synonymous Verbs ‘go’

  • I Gede Oeinada Universitas Udayana

Abstract

The proper use of synonymous words is a problem that is often faced by foreign language learners. Native speakers of a language often experience difficulties when asked to explain the differences in synonymous words. In general, they use their linguistic instincts to differentiate the use of these words or what in Japanese is called kan勘. This paper raises the synonym of the verb 'go' which in Japanese has five words, namely omomuku赴く, irassharuいらっしゃる, mairu参る, kaeru帰る, and iku行く. This paper uses a qualitative descriptive method. Synonyms of these verbs will be observed based on the frequency of their use in written and oral languages in two Japanese corpora. In addition, the meaning components of these verbs are mapped to see the range of use of each of the verbs. Based on observations on the frequency of use, it is known that these five verbs have differences in the variety of languages used, namely: omomuku have the lowest frequency of use in both written and spoken registers. Meanwhile, based on observations on the mapping of meaning components, the five 'go' verbs also show differences, namely: iku is the verb with the most meaning components. Thus, it can be concluded that these five synonymous verbs 'go' cannot completely replace each other. There are some usage limitations in the presence of each of these verbs.

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Published
Oct 9, 2019
How to Cite
OEINADA, I Gede. Japanese Synonymous Verbs ‘go’. Proceedings, [S.l.], p. 147-152, oct. 2019. Available at: <http://ojs.pnb.ac.id/index.php/Proceedings/article/view/1514>. Date accessed: 07 dec. 2019.