Growth and production plant chili pepper (capsicum annum) as a result of the existence pruning leaves

  • Djarwatiningsih Pongki Soedjarwo Universitas Pembangunan Nasional “Veteran” Jawa Timur, Indonesia
  • Widiwurjani Amir Tjokrosumarto Universitas Pembangunan Nasional “Veteran” Jawa Timur, Indonesia

Abstract

Pruning can be done on chili plant. Pruning aims to increase and improve production quality because the nutrients are absorbed by the roots directly distributed to the leaves as the plant so the plant stems will form a strong and upright. Too much leaves also interfere with the production process for it is also necessary to cut the leaves so the results of photosynthesis can be concentrated to the production process. This research examines methods of pruning on chili plants known for massive growth characteristics and production of chili plants before or after harvest. The method consisted of two stages. Phase 1 is testing the leaf pruning consists of cutting 25%, 50% and without pruning. Phase 2 is pruning branches on chili plants which have been harvested in the treatment phase I. Phase II consists of treatment without pruning and pruning. The results showed that treatment pruning the leaves (stage I) effect on the production of chili harvest time in quantity and quality, pruning leaves on chili plants by 50% provides an increase in production, the percentage of flowers become fruit, fruit weight and the pruning of leaves be done when a branch plant reaches about 30 branches (30-40 days).

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Published
Jul 13, 2018
How to Cite
SOEDJARWO, Djarwatiningsih Pongki; TJOKROSUMARTO, Widiwurjani Amir. Growth and production plant chili pepper (capsicum annum) as a result of the existence pruning leaves. Proceedings, [S.l.], v. 1, n. 1, p. 439-449, july 2018. Available at: <http://ojs.pnb.ac.id/index.php/Proceedings/article/view/937>. Date accessed: 13 dec. 2018.