A Conceptual Model of Internet of Things (IoT) for E-Participation
Participation is compulsory for every activity. It is always needed for encouraging people and related stakeholders for supporting the activity to achieve the goal(s). Nowadays, growth of technologies supports and make the citizen participation activities easier. There are more than 1.5 billion internet-enabled PCs and over 1 billion internet-enabled mobile phones will move towards an Internet of Things (IoT) as massive devices by 2020. IoT can be defined as the networked interconnection of everyday objects and often equipped with ubiquitous intelligence. IoT will improve the ubiquity of the Internet by integrating every object for interaction via embedded systems and leads to a highly distributed network of devices communicating with human beings as well as other devices. Therefore, IoT will be interesting research field in the future. Literature reviews show that there is still limited research on the use of IoT regarding to E-Participation. This paper aims to examine IoT for supporting citizen participation. Hopefully, this paper makes contribution by providing a new conceptual model regarding to utilization IoT for encouraging citizen participation. This research also has implications for theory and practices. For theory, the model can be added to the body of knowledge of IoT and E-Participation fields. It also complements and enhances the existing models of IoT and E-Participation. In addition, practitioners and related stakeholders can consider the elements of the new model for successful implementation.